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YA┼×LILARDA YALNIZLIK ve YA┼×AM KAL─░TES─░ - LONELINESS and QUALITY of LIFE in ELDERLY | ├çam | Eski┼čehir T├╝rk D├╝nyas─▒ Uygulama ve Ara┼čt─▒rma Merkezi Halk Sa─čl─▒─č─▒ Dergisi (ISSN:2564-6311)

YA┼×LILARDA YALNIZLIK ve YA┼×AM KAL─░TES─░ - LONELINESS and QUALITY of LIFE in ELDERLY

C├╝neyt ├çam, Emrah Atay, Burhanettin I┼č─▒kl─▒

├ľz


Ya┼članma ya┼čam evresinin sonuna yakla┼čt─▒k├ža her bireyin kar┼č─▒ kar┼č─▒ya kald─▒─č─▒ bedenin fonksiyonel kapasitesinde azalma ve i┼člevlerde azalmayla karakterize durdurulmas─▒ m├╝mk├╝n olmayan ve fiziksel, psikolojik, sosyal boyutlar─▒ ile de─čerlendirilmesi gereken bir s├╝re├ž olarak tan─▒mlanmaktad─▒r. D├╝nyada 65 ya┼č ve ├╝zeri n├╝fus, 2010 y─▒l─▒nda 524 milyon (%8) olup, 2050 y─▒l─▒nda 1.5 milyar (%16) olmas─▒ beklenmektedir. T├╝rkiyeÔÇÖde ise 2012ÔÇÖde 5,7 milyon (%7.5) olan ya┼čl─▒ n├╝fusun 2023ÔÇÖte 8,6 milyon (%10.2), 2050ÔÇÖde ise 19,5 milyon (%20.8) olaca─č─▒ tahmin edilmektedir. Gerek d├╝nya gerekse ├╝lkemizdeki ya┼čl─▒ n├╝fusta meydana gelen art─▒┼č ÔÇťya┼čl─▒ sa─čl─▒─č─▒ÔÇŁ ve bunun ├Ânemli bir bile┼čeni olan ÔÇśÔÇśya┼čl─▒larda ya┼čam kalitesiÔÇÖÔÇÖ kavram─▒n─▒ olduk├ža ├Ânemli bir noktaya ta┼č─▒maktad─▒r. Bu durum bir├žok disiplinin ya┼čl─▒l─▒k konusuna olan ilgisini artt─▒rmakla birlikte ya┼čl─▒ sa─čl─▒─č─▒n─▒ daha s─▒k g├╝ndeme getirmektedir. T├╝m d├╝nyada giderek ├Ânem kazanan, ya┼čl─▒ bireylerin sa─čl─▒kl─▒ ve ba┼čar─▒l─▒ ya┼članmalar─▒, ya┼čam kalitelerinin y├╝kseltilmesi, toplumla b├╝t├╝nle┼čmeleri ve toplumla uyumlu olarak ya┼čamalar─▒ konusundaki giri┼čimler giderek artmaktad─▒r. Ba┼čar─▒l─▒ bir ya┼članma modeli i├žin ├╝├ž ├Âzellik olarak hastal─▒k ve sakatl─▒ktan ka├ž─▒nma, y├╝ksek fiziksel ve bili┼čsel i┼člevsel kapasitenin s├╝rd├╝r├╝lmesi ve hayata aktif kat─▒l─▒m─▒n gerekli ├Ân ┼čartlar oldu─ču ileri s├╝r├╝lm├╝┼čt├╝r. Ya┼čl─▒l─▒kta ya┼čam kalitesi sorular─▒na sa─čl─▒kla ilgili konular ve sorunlar egemen olmu┼čtur. Bu sebeple, ya┼članan n├╝fusun maliyeti ve ya┼čl─▒ bireylerin hizmetlere ba─č─▒ml─▒ olmadan kendi kendilerine nas─▒l bir hayat s├╝rece─čine dair endi┼čelerde bedensel sa─čl─▒k sorunlar─▒ ├Âncelikli olmu┼čtur. Halbuki ├Âzellikle ya┼čl─▒larda ruhsal sa─čl─▒k sorunlar─▒ ayr─▒ bir ├Âneme sahiptir. Bunlardan biri olan yaln─▒zl─▒k duygusu g├╝n├╝m├╝zde nispeten ├╝zerinde daha az durulan konulardan birisi olup ya┼čl─▒larda s─▒k g├Âr├╝lmekte do─črudan ya da dolayl─▒ sa─čl─▒k ├ž─▒kt─▒lar─▒na neden olmaktad─▒r. Bu bak─▒mdan, ki┼činin sosyal ili┼čki a─č─▒n─▒n, arzu etti─činden daha dar ya da daha az doyumlu alg─▒lamas─▒na ba─čl─▒ ya┼čanan bir duygu olarak ifade edilen yaln─▒zl─▒k da yak─▒ndan incelenmelidir.

Anahtar kelimeler: Ya┼čl─▒l─▒k, Yaln─▒zl─▒k, Ya┼čam kalitesi, Sa─čl─▒kl─▒ ya┼članma

LONELINESS and QUALITY of LIFE IN ELDERLY

Abstract:

Aging is defined as a unstoppable process that in which an individual with a decrease in the functional capacity of the body, a reduction in functionalities and it has to be discussed with its  physical, psychological and social dimensions. The population of 65 years and older people in the world is expected to be 524 million (8%) in 2010 and 1.5 billion (16%) in 2050. The elderly population in Turkey in 2023 is suggested to increase from 5.7 million to 8.6 million, while in 2050 is estimated to be 19.5 million. The increase in the elderly population in the world and our country highlights the "elderly health", "quality of life in old age". The initiatives like the healthy and successful aging of older people, the upgrading of their quality of life, their integration into society and their lives in harmony with society gains importance all over the world. Three prerequisites for a successful aging model are the avoidance of illness and disability, the maintenance of high physical and cognitive functional capacity, and active participation in life. Health-related problems especially physical problems dominate concerns about quality of life in old age. For this reason, the cost of the aging population and the anxieties about how an old person would live without being dependent on services have always been priorities. But there is a missing point that the mental health is also important when we talk about older people. Loneliness, which is a feeling that is felt due to the perceived lack of satisfaction of the social network is one of the important psychological problem and causes direct or indirect physical or other mental health outcomes. At present, the loneliness is a subject that not given importance enough and has to be evaluated carefully for elderly health.

Key words:  Elderly, Loneliness, Quality of Life, Healthy ageing


Tam Metin:

ARTICLE 6

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