RUH SA─×LI─×I OKURYAZARLI─×I - MENTAL HEALTH LITERACY
Sa─čl─▒k okuryazarl─▒─č─▒, bireylerin sa─čl─▒kla ilgili bilgilere eri┼čme, anlama ve kullanma g├╝c├╝n├╝ belirleyen, bili┼čsel ve sosyal beceriler olarak tan─▒mlanan sa─čl─▒─č─▒n en ├Ânemli sosyal belirleyicilerinden biridir. Ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ okuryazarl─▒─č─▒ (RSOY), sa─čl─▒k okuryazarl─▒─č─▒n─▒n halen geli┼čmekte olan bir komponentidir. RSOY ÔÇťRuh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ bozukluklar─▒n─▒ tan─▒ma, y├Ânetme ve ├Ânlemeye y├Ânelik bilgi ve inan├žÔÇŁ olarak tan─▒mlanmaktad─▒r. RSOY d├╝zeyi, bireylerin ve toplumun ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ ├╝zerinde belirleyici rol oynamaktad─▒r. RSOY kavram─▒n─▒n g├╝ndeme getirilme amac─▒ ihmal edilen bir konuya dikkat ├žekmektir. Ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ bozukluklar─▒ yayg─▒n oldu─čundan, bireylerin kendileri veya yak─▒nlar─▒nda bu hastal─▒klarla ilgili ola─čan veya acil bir
durumla kar┼č─▒la┼čma olas─▒l─▒─č─▒ y├╝ksektir. RSOY seviyesi artt─▒k├ža, bireylerde, ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ bozuklu─ču belirtilerinin fark─▒nda olma durumu ve uygun tedavi kaynaklar─▒n─▒ do─čru kullanma davran─▒┼člar─▒ artmaktad─▒r. RSOY d├╝zeyinin art─▒┼č─▒, ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ hakk─▒ndaki bilgi ve tutumun yan─▒ s─▒ra, ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ bozuklu─ču olan ki┼čilere y├Ânelik davran─▒┼člar─▒ da iyile┼čtirir ve damgalamay─▒ azalt─▒r. RSOY d├╝zeyi ve ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ ile ilgili sa─čl─▒k ├ž─▒kt─▒lar─▒ aras─▒ndaki ili┼čkiden sorumlu mekanizmalar─▒ anlamak, ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ bozukluklar─▒ i├žin yap─▒lacak m├╝dahaleler a├ž─▒s─▒ndan kritik ├Ânem ta┼č─▒maktad─▒r. Ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ okuryazarl─▒─č─▒n─▒ art─▒rmaya y├Ânelik e─čitim programlar─▒n─▒n, sa─čl─▒k ile ilgili ve sosyal ├ž─▒kt─▒lar─▒ daha iyi hale getirece─či, bu ┼čekilde de hastal─▒k y├╝k├╝n├╝ azaltaca─č─▒ bildirilmektedir. RSOY kavram─▒ ├╝lkemiz i├žin ├žok yeni bir kavram olup, bu konuyla ilgili ara┼čt─▒rma eksi─či vard─▒r. Toplumun ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ hakk─▒ndaki bilgi, inan├ž, tutumunun ne seviyede ve hangi y├Ânde oldu─čunun belirlenmesi ve izlenmesi i├žin ├╝lkemizde bu konuya y├Ânelik ara┼čt─▒rmalar─▒n yap─▒lmas─▒ faydal─▒ olacakt─▒r. Sonras─▒nda bireylerin belirlenen ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ okuryazarl─▒─č─▒ seviyesine, ya┼č─▒na, cinsine, ya┼čad─▒─č─▒ yere ├Âzel m├╝dahaleler yap─▒larak bireylerin ve dolay─▒s─▒ ile toplumun ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ okuryazarl─▒─č─▒n─▒n artt─▒r─▒lmas─▒ sa─članacak b├Âylece ki┼čilerin, kendilerinin ve yak─▒nlar─▒n─▒n ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒n─▒ daha iyi y├Ânetmesi m├╝mk├╝n olabilecektir.
Anahtar s├Âzc├╝kler: Ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒ okuryazarl─▒─č─▒, Ruh sa─čl─▒─č─▒, Sa─čl─▒k okuryazarl─▒─č─▒, Damgalama, RSOY
MENTAL HEALTH LITERACY
Health literacy is one of the most important social determinants of health, defined as cognitive and social skills, which determine the individual's ability to access, understand and use healthrelated information. Mental health literacy (MHL) is a component of health literacy and it is still developing. MHL is defined as "knowledge and belief in recognizing, managing and preventing mental disorders". The level of mental health literacy plays decisive role in the mental health of individuals and the community. The concept of mental health literacy is to draw attention to a subject that has been neglected for the sake of bringing to the agenda. As mental health disorders are prevalent, individuals are likely to encounter an ordinary or urgent situation with themselves or their relatives with these diseases. As the level of mental health literacy increases, behaviors such as awareness of mental health disorders and proper use of appropriate treatment resources increase in individuals. Improvement of mental health literacy improves the knowledge and attitudes about mental health as well as improves mental health behavior and reduces stigmatization. Understanding the responsible mechanisms between mental health literacy and mental health related health outcomes is critical to the interventions for mental health disorders. Educational programs aimed at increasing mental health literacy are reported to improve health and social outcomes, thus reducing the burden of illness. The concept of mental health literacy is a very new concept for our country and there is a lack of research on this subject. It will be useful to conduct research into this issue in our country to determine and monitor the level of knowledge, beliefs and attitudes about the mental health of the community. After that, by interventions from a public health point of view to increase mental health literacy for individuals and the community by the level of mental health literacy level, age, gender, will enable people to better manage their mental health for themselves and their relatives.
Keywords: Mental health literacy, Mental health, Health literacy, Stigmatization, MHL
Tam Metin:ARTICLE 7
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