ankara šocuk endokrin ankara šocuk endokrinoloji doktorlarř
MEVS─░ML─░K TARIM ─░┼×├ç─░LER─░NDE PEST─░S─░T MARUZ─░YET─░NDEN KORUNMA DAVRANI┼×LARI - PREVENTION BEHAVIORS to PESTICIDE EXPOSURE in SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKERS | I┼č─▒ktekin Atalay | Eski┼čehir T├╝rk D├╝nyas─▒ Uygulama ve Ara┼čt─▒rma Merkezi Halk Sa─čl─▒─č─▒ Dergisi (ISSN:2564-6311)

MEVS─░ML─░K TARIM ─░┼×├ç─░LER─░NDE PEST─░S─░T MARUZ─░YET─░NDEN KORUNMA DAVRANI┼×LARI - PREVENTION BEHAVIORS to PESTICIDE EXPOSURE in SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKERS

Burcu I┼č─▒ktekin Atalay, Ramazan Sa─član, Muhammed Fatih ├ľns├╝z, Burhanettin I┼č─▒kl─▒, Selma Metinta┼č

├ľz


├çal─▒┼čman─▒n amac─▒ mevsimlik tar─▒m i┼č├žilerinin pestisit maruziyetinden korunma┬ádavran─▒┼člar─▒n─▒n belirlenmesidir. ├çal─▒┼čma, 2015 y─▒l─▒nda tar─▒m i┼člerinin yo─čun oldu─ču d├Ânemde┬á├žad─▒r b├Âlgelerinde bulunan ve ara┼čt─▒rmaya kat─▒lmay─▒ kabul eden 312 MT─░ ├╝zerinde yap─▒lan
kesitsel tipte bir ara┼čt─▒rmad─▒r. ├çal─▒┼čmada mevsimlik tar─▒m i┼č├žilerinin sosyodemografik┬á├Âzellikleri ve pestisit maruziyetinden korunma davran─▒┼člar─▒n─▒ sorgulayan sorulardan olu┼čan bir┬áanket form kullan─▒ld─▒. Mevsimlik tar─▒m i┼č├žilerinin 43ÔÇÖ├╝ (%13.8) pestisit ile ilgili e─čitim ald─▒─č─▒n─▒,┬á168ÔÇÖi (%53.8) pestisit uygulanm─▒┼č alanda ├žal─▒┼čt─▒─č─▒n─▒, 235ÔÇÖi (%75.3) pestisit maruziyetinden┬ákorunmak i├žin ki┼čisel koruyucu ekipman kulland─▒─č─▒n─▒ ifade etmektedirler. Pestisite maruz┬ákalacak ┼čekilde giyinen ise 150 (%48.1) mevsimlik tar─▒m i┼č├žisi vard─▒. Kat─▒l─▒mc─▒lardan 39 ve alt─▒┬áya┼č grubunda (%78.7) olanlar, 40 ve ├╝st├╝ ya┼č grubunda (%21.3) olanlara g├Âre daha fazla┬ápestisite maruz kalacak ┼čekilde giyindi─či bulundu. Mevsimlik tar─▒m i┼č├žilerinden pestisit┬áuygulad─▒─č─▒ giysileri ├žad─▒ra gelince ├ž─▒karan 246 (%78.8) ki┼či mevcuttu. K├Âyde ya┼čayanlar─▒n┬á(%57.3), il/il├žede ya┼čayanlara (%42.7) g├Âre ├žad─▒ra geldi─činde pestisit uygulad─▒─č─▒ giysileri daha
fazla ├ž─▒kard─▒klar─▒ g├Âr├╝ld├╝. Mevsimlik tar─▒m i┼č├žilerinin g├╝venli pestisit kullan─▒m─▒ ile ilgili gerekli┬áe─čitimi almad─▒─č─▒ ve pestisit maruziyetinden korunma davran─▒┼člar─▒n─▒n yeterli olmad─▒─č─▒ bulundu.
Tar─▒m i┼činde ├žal─▒┼čanlar─▒n g├╝venli pestisit kullanma davran─▒┼č─▒ kazanmalar─▒n─▒n sa─članmas─▒,┬ása─čl─▒klar─▒n─▒n korunmas─▒ ve geli┼čtirilmesi i├žin e─čitim programlar─▒n─▒n d├╝zenlenmesi gerekti─či
kanaatine var─▒ld─▒.


Anahtar kelimeler: Mevsimlik tar─▒m i┼č├žisi, pestisit, korunma

PREVENTION BEHAVIORS to PESTICIDE EXPOSURE in SEASONAL
AGRICULTURAL WORKERS

The aim of this study is to determine the prevention behaviors to pesticide exposure in seasonal agricultural workers. This is a cross-sectional study in 312 seasonal agricultural workers lives in the tent regions that accepted to participate to the research in the period of
intensive agricultural work in 2015. In the study, a questionnaire consisting of questions about sociodemographic characteristics and pesticide exposure prevention behaviors of seasonal agricultural workers was used. Seasonal agricultural workers expressed that; 43 (13.8%) of them had trained about pesticides, 168 (53.8%) of them had worked in the pesticide applied area and 235 (75.3%) of them had been using personal prevention equipment to prevent against
pesticide exposure. There were 150 (48.1%) seasonal agricultural workers were wearing to be exposed to pesticide. Participants aged 39 and lower (78.7%) found to be wearing clothes that exposure to more pesticide than those in the age group of 40 and over (21.3%). There were 246 (78.8%) people who take off the clothes they were applying pesticide when they came home. It was seen that, persons living in the village (57.3%) take off the clothes they were applying
pesticide when they come to the tent, were more than those living in the province / district (42.7%). It was found that seasonal agricultural workers did not get enough training on safe
pesticide use and their pesticide exposure prevention behaviors were not sufficient. It has been concluded that employees in agriculture must be gain safe pesticide use behavior and training programs should be organized for the prevention and development of their health.

Key words: Seasonal agricultural worker, pesticide, prevention


Tam Metin:

ARTICLE 1

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