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D├ťNYADA T├ťT├ťN KONTROL UYGULAMALARININ K├ťRESEL ├ľL├çEKTE DE─×ERLEND─░R─░LMES─░ - GLOBAL ASSESSMENT of TOBACCO CONTROL IMPLEMENTATIONS | ├çal─▒┼čkan | Eski┼čehir T├╝rk D├╝nyas─▒ Uygulama ve Ara┼čt─▒rma Merkezi Halk Sa─čl─▒─č─▒ Dergisi (ISSN:2564-6311)

D├ťNYADA T├ťT├ťN KONTROL UYGULAMALARININ K├ťRESEL ├ľL├çEKTE DE─×ERLEND─░R─░LMES─░ - GLOBAL ASSESSMENT of TOBACCO CONTROL IMPLEMENTATIONS

Seval ├çal─▒┼čkan, Selma Metinta┼č

├ľz


T├╝t├╝n ve t├╝t├╝n ├╝r├╝nleri kullan─▒m─▒ nedeniyle 20ÔÇÖnci y├╝zy─▒lda 100 milyon ki┼či hayat─▒n─▒ kaybetmi┼čtir. T├╝t├╝n salg─▒n─▒ engellenemezse 21ÔÇÖinci y├╝zy─▒lda 1 milyar ki┼činin ├Âlmesi beklenmektedir. D├╝nya Sa─čl─▒k ├ľrg├╝t├╝ bu tehlike kapsam─▒nda 2003 y─▒l─▒nda ÔÇťT├╝t├╝n Kontrol ├çer├ževe S├Âzle┼čmesiÔÇŁni, 2008 y─▒l─▒nda da ÔÇťMPOWER paketiÔÇŁni g├╝ndeme getirmi┼čtir. MPOWER uygulamalar─▒ zaman i├žinde ayn─▒ ba┼čar─▒y─▒ g├Âstermemekle birlikte, ba┼člang─▒├žta 200 milyon insan─▒ kapsarken, 2016 y─▒l─▒nda 3,5 milyar insan─▒ kapsar hale gelmi┼čtir. MPOWER paketinin uygulanmas─▒yla beraber bir├žok ├╝lkede t├╝t├╝n kontrol├╝nde ilerleme kaydedilmi┼čtir. ─░lerlemenin daha geni┼č kapsaml─▒ ve g├╝├žl├╝ olabilmesi i├žin uygulamalar geli┼čtirilmeli ve yayg─▒nla┼čt─▒r─▒lmal─▒d─▒r.

Anahtar kelimeler: t├╝t├╝n, kontrol programlar─▒, MPOWER

GLOBAL ASSESSMENT of TOBACCO CONTROL IMPLEMENTATIONS 

In the 20th century 100 million people died due to the use of tobacco and products. It is expected the failure in prevention and control programmes may cause the death of 1 billion people in the 21st century."Tobacco Control Framework Convention" in 2003 and the "MPOWER package" in 2008 are the hot topics determined by WHO to take attention about this threat. Although the level of success of MPOWER implementations are not stable in the period since it is developed, initially encompassing 200 million people, the implementations managed to reached 3.5 billion people in 2016. The implementations of the MPOWER package helped and made progress in most countries about tobacco control and should be improved for comprehensive and stronger effect.

Key words: tobacco, control programmes, MPOWER


Tam Metin:

ARTICLE 4

Referanslar


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